Educational trips and school trips on their itineraries usually include visits to museums. Museums are buildings and/or institutions that collect, maintain and make accessible to the public a number of objects of scientific, artistic or historical interest. There are different types of museums offering different themes and themes. Some are held permanently in large cities, while others are temporarily or briefly open for viewing in small areas. Curators are persons responsible for the collection and the exhibits.
Exhibitions of archaeological artefacts often take place in archaeological museums. The exhibits can be housed either outdoors or in buildings.
The exhibition of works of art usually takes place in an art gallery or an art museum, which can be either public or private. The ownership of the collection makes the difference. The most common exhibits in art museums are paintings, but also other sculptures and illustrations. Art galleries also show sculptures, arts and crafts, furniture, textiles, costumes, drawings, pastels, watercolours, collages, prints, artist’s books, photographs and installation works. In addition to the exhibition of visual art, art museums can also host other artistic activities such as performance art, music concerts or poetry readings.
History and its relevance for the present and the future are dealt with primarily in the Historical Museums. The presented curatorial aspect of history can refer to a specific place or to a broader and more general aspect. The wide range of objects in a history museum can range from documents to artefacts to other archaeological objects. A special kind of history museum is a historical house. This could be a building of special architectural interest and interesting history or the birthplace and home of a famous person. Historic sites that are particularly marked by public crimes can also become museums. A living museum is a museum in which individuals recreate a period of time from buildings to clothing to the language used.
Maritime museums specialise in showing objects about aquatic animals and travel by such ships and boats. Military history is at the heart of military and war museums, which are organised on a national basis. Exhibits, including weapons, uniforms, military equipment, war propaganda items and even civilian decorations during the war, illustrate the military conflicts that have taken place in a particular country.
There are exhibitions and exhibits that take place not only in stationary places, but also in vehicles and vans, these types are called mobile museums. Such museums show a certain part of a collection that travels to places outside the main museum for educational purposes. Others may not have their own location and travel is the most important means of presentation.
Science museums are technology centres where scientific achievements, phenomena and history are at stake. Science museums are very interesting because interactive programs and thoughtful media are used to explain complicated inventions. Themes of a science museum can be computers, aviation, railway museums, physics, astronomy and wildlife.